Tips for administrator
Tips for administrator
In order to enhance the performance of your iTop server, you must first find the bottleneck. Is it the PHP execution of the pages which is too slow, or is it MySQL?
The real tuning of the application's performance requires deep-dive into the actual usage pattern of your iTop instance, however there are few generic points to check:
If it is available on your system, install and enable APCu (Alternative PHP Cache). APC speeds-up PHP applications by caching the result of the PHP parsing as opcodes in shared memory. Moreover, iTop uses APC for caching a lot of its internal structures in memory instead of rebuilding them at each page load.
Installing APCu will improve the overall responsiveness of the application, which is especially important for “small” pages. If not available, iTop implements a simple caching mechanism based on files.
[apcu] apc.shm_size=128M apc.ttl=7200
To improve performance you can use php-fpm with fastcgi.
Observations regarding the timeout with Apache + FPM
Activate apache's modules:
a2enmod expires a2enmod headers
We have noticed that PHP7 brings a lot of performance improvement on iTop.
Make sure that MySQL has enough memory for caching all its indexes in memory. The important status variables are:
The actual ratio of
key_reads / key_read_requests should be as low as possible (typically less than 0.1 %). If this ratio is too high, this means that you should increase the amount of memory allocated to cache MySQL's indexes (adjust the variable
my.cnf and restart the MySQL server).
Check if the MySQL Query Cache is enabled, with enough memory to cache the results of the most common queries.
Here is what the Query Cache status looks like in PhpMyAdmin:
Using iTop in your language is great, but do you really need Turkish, Spanish, Russian and Chinese on your system? If the answer is no, then you can free a good amount of memory that will be used for more productive purposes. Moreover, if you don't have APC installed on your system, all these dictionaries are loaded on each page request. To remove the non-needed dictionaries, the easiest way is to remove the files (they are called XX.dictionary.YYYY.php, where XX is the language code) from the datamodels directory and to run the setup again.
Another way to remove the dictionaries is to edit the iTop configuration file and to comment out (or remove) the lines corresponding to the dictionaries. Be aware however that the list of included dictionaries will be recomputed the next time you run the setup.
For example, keeping just the English, French and Italian translations:
'dictionaries' => array ( //'dictionaries/ru.dictionary.itop.ui.php', 'dictionaries/fr.dictionary.itop.core.php', 'dictionaries/it.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/zh.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/zh.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/es_cr.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/ja.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/es_cr.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/hu.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/ru.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/ja.dictionary.itop.core.php', 'dictionaries/dictionary.itop.core.php', 'dictionaries/dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/tr.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/de.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/de.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/pt_br.dictionary.itop.core.php', // 'dictionaries/pt_br.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/tr.dictionary.itop.core.php', 'dictionaries/fr.dictionary.itop.ui.php', 'dictionaries/it.dictionary.itop.ui.php', // 'dictionaries/hu.dictionary.itop.core.php', 'env-production/authent-ldap/fr.dict.authent-ldap.php', 'env-production/authent-ldap/it.dict.authent-ldap.php', 'env-production/authent-ldap/en.dict.authent-ldap.php', // 'env-production/authent-ldap/pt_br.dict.authent-ldap.php', // 'env-production/authent-ldap/de.dict.authent-ldap.php', // 'env-production/authent-ldap/es_cr.dict.authent-ldap.php', ...